The cut-off date established by a company in order to determine which shareholders are eligible to receive a dividend.
Offer to existing shareholders by the issuing company to repurchase securities. The objective of a repurchase offer is to reduce the number of outstanding shares.
A return of capital occurs when a company makes a cash payment to all shareholders of a proportion of the value of their shares. It may be that the company has excess cash which it is not intending to use and so shareholders are paid this cash. Upon payment of this cash, the value of the share is reduced by the rate per share paid.
Decrease in a company's number of outstanding shares without any change in the value of shareholder's equity or the aggregate market value at the time of the split.
Distribution of a security or privilege that gives the holder an entitlement or right to take part in a future event. A company may offer its current shareholders the right to buy new shares in the company at a discount to the market price.